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Mulibrey is an acronym for muscle, liver, brain, and eye. An extremely rare inherited disorder characterized by dwarfism and distinctive abnormalities of the muscles, liver, brain, and eyes. Characteristic symptoms include low birth weight, short stature, muscle hypotonia, hepatomegaly, and hydrocephalus. Infants typically have yellow discolorations in their eyes, amblyopia, and choriocapillaris hypoplasia. A serious consequence is the presence of constrictive pericarditis in infancy. Pulmonary effusion and ascites are present.

Perheentupa Syndrome; Constrictive Pericarditis-Dwarfism Syndrome; Dwarfism-Pericarditis Syndrome; Growth Failure-Pericardial Constriction Syndrome; Nanism-Constrictive Pericarditis Syndrome; Pericardial Constriction-Growth Failure Syndrome.

Rare, familial, autosomal recessive trait. Most reported cases are from Finland.

Prenatal-onset growth retardation associated with muscle, liver, brain, and eye abnormalities. Hypotonia; congestive pericarditis with elevated venous pressure; triangular face, often with hydrocephaloid skull; long and shallow sella turcica; yellowish dots and pigment dispersion in the fundus oculi; and borderline mental deficiency. There is a depressed and broad bridge of nose, delayed tooth eruption, malocclusion, hypodontia, and small tongue. Thin and short limbs and cystic dysplasia of the tibia and hypotonia are present. Nevus flammeus are present on the skin. Obstructive pericarditis, elevated venous pressure, prominent left atrium and/or right ventricle, dilated neck veins, and congestive heart failure. Hepatomegaly and abnormalities of kidneys and ureters are present. Neonatal pituitary insufficiency and neonatal hypoglycemia. There are growth and mental retardation and variable pubertal development with characteristic high-pitched voice and hyperopia.

Check cardiac function (thick adherent pericardium with constrictive pericarditis), pleural effusion, and neurologic status (increased intracranial pressure as a consequence of hydrocephalus).

Patients may have raised intracranial pressure as a consequence of hydrocephalus. They have a large head with prominent occiput and facial abnormalities, which may make direct laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation difficult. Obstructive pericarditis is likely, with elevated venous pressure, prominent left atrium or right ventricle, dilated neck veins, and congestive heart failure. Central venous and arterial pressure measurements are essential, with either pulmonary artery catheter or transesophageal echocardiography as needed. Pituitary disease may be associated with raised intracranial pressure; it also may have implications for thyroid and adrenal function. Possibility of diabetes insipidus. Fragile teeth.

No specific pharmacological implication unless the affected patient presents with constrictive pericarditis, in which case any cardiopressive anesthetic agents must be avoided.

Balg S, Stengel-Rutkowski S, Dohlemann C, et al: Mulibrey nanism. Clin Dysmorphol 4:63, 1995.  [PubMed: 7735507]
Lapunzina P: Mulibrey nanism: Three additional patients and a review of 39 patients. Am J Med Genet 55:349, 1995.  [PubMed: 7726235]
Linpsayen-Nyman M, Perheentvpa J, Rapola J, et al: Mulibrey heart disease. Clinical manifestations, long term course and results of pericardiectomy in a series of 49 patients born before 1985. Circulation 107:2810, 2003.

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