The most common findings are high myopia, vitreoretinal degeneration with retinal
detachment, and occipital encephalocele. Intellegence is usually normal. This led to the
assumption, that in many cases the encephalocele may in fact be either a meningocele or a
scalp defect. Heterotopic neuronal tissue could be found in the scalp lesions of some
patients. Other reported, but inconstant findings include Scimitar Syndrome, patent
ductus arteriosus, single umbilical artery, mild congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia (visible on chest radiographs as
interstitial changes), and abnormal palmar creases.