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Syndromes: Rapid Recognition and Perioperative Implications offers an A-to-Z encyclopedic presentation of more than 2000 syndromes. Extensive cross-referencing of synonyms, variations, and international names further expands coverage to nearly 4500 entries. Names of syndromes with main entries in the book are linked. Most syndromes are presented with 14 subdivisions, consisting of:

At a glance: Clinical information, with emphasis on the most important features.

Synonyms: A list of synonyms for each syndrome, facilitating identification in different parts of the world.

History: First recognition or description of the disease, with names, dates, and other pertinent information when available.

Incidence: An indication of the population most affected, international distribution, and number of cases reported in the literature to date is given. The prevalence of the disease is also mentioned when known.

Classification: Medical conditions with multiple subtypes. In most cases, a complete description of all subtypes is presented within the text.

Genetic inheritance: Current knowledge about the genetic basis of the syndrome, the locus of the gene, and inheritance pattern.

Pathophysiology: The underlying mechanisms potentially involved in the specific medical condition are described.

Diagnosis: Radiological and laboratory findings to help the user in the rapid recognition of each medical condition. Differential diagnoses may also be included.

Clinical aspects: A description of the clinical characteristics with an emphasis on the most frequent features and the main organ systems affected.

Precautions before anesthesia: Recommendations on medical consultations, preoperative radiographs, and functional and laboratory tests potentially needed.

Anesthetic considerations: Specific perioperative considerations, such as indications for premedication, airway management, vascular access, postoperative ventilation, etc. Emphasis is on the prevention of complications.

Pharmacological implications: Information about pharmacological interactions and potential contraindications associated with the use of specific medications.

Other conditions to be considered: A list (with synonyms) of potentially related medical conditions that could, from their clinical similarity with the main syndrome described, be considered as alternate diagnoses.

References: Pertinent references for further consultation.

Some syndromes described in this book are either extremely rare or not congenital in nature. However, we found it worthwhile to have them included in the text since we considered the information either important or interesting, or sometimes both.

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