It is characterized by an idiopathic enlargement of mesenteric lymph nodes associated with debilitating sprue.
Extremely rare; only occurs in association with celiac sprue (or disease).
Uncertain. Debilitated patients with celiac sprue develop mesenteric lymph node enlargement and cavitation anemia, and duodenal ulcerations. This leads to worsening of the failure to thrive most often associated with celiac sprue.
Based on the clinical picture. Patients may have repeated negative biopsies for lymphoma, despite a highly suspicious presentation. Lymphoreticular Syndrome is diagnosed in the presence of celiac sprue.
Anemia, diarrhea, electrolyte derangement, hyposplenism duodenal ulceration, total parenteral nutrition are the most frequent features.
Precautions before anesthesia
Check volemia, baseline cell blood count, and electrolytes.
The anesthetic considerations must be adapted according to the procedure and underlying medical condition associated with the clinical presentation. For instance, discontinue total parenteral nutrition perioperatively and adapt intravenous glucose administration (10% solution might be necessary) to prevent hypoglycemia.
No reported pharmacological implications.
Other condition to be considered
Castleman’s Syndrome (Castleman’s Disease; Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia; Lymphoid Hamartoma; Angiofollicular Lymph Node Hyperplasia Syndrome): Group of uncommon lymphoreticular proliferative disorders involving the lymph nodes histological features. It is characterized by waxing and waning mild lymph nodes enlargement, with intense inflammation, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, ascites, pleural effusions, organ failure, and even death. Several subtypes have been defined under a classification called unicentric or multicentric. It is caused by excessive secretion of cytokines, particularly IL-6 which is the most commonly elevated cytokine one. It is named after Benjamin Castleman.
CP: Celiac sprue. Semin Gastrointest Dis
HJ: Small bowel malignant lymphoma complicating celiac sprue and the mesenteric lymph node cavitation syndrome. Gastroenterology
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JM: Anaesthetic considerations in Castleman’s disease. Anaesth Intensive Care