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Surgical procedures constitute a sudden insult to the body, which can result in a myriad of life-threatening complications.1 While most postoperative complications occur 1 to 3 days after surgery, others can take weeks to present.2

Some complications may occur after any type of operation and have predictable time courses (Table 27-1). Others are more specific to the operation performed and the patient’s medical history (Table 27-2). Postoperative fever is one of the most common complications encountered after any type of operation and requires a systematic approach to identify the etiology (Table 27-3).

TABLE 27-1General Postoperative Complications
TABLE 27-2Procedure-Specific Complications
TABLE 27-3Etiologies of Postoperative Fever

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