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CHAPTER 11: AORTIC VALVE

Select the one best answer for each of the following questions.

1. The recommended transesophageal views of the aortic valve include which of the following?

a. ME AV SAX

b. ME AV LAX

c. TG LAX

d. Deep TG five-chamber

e. All of the above

e.

2. Regarding the use of spectral Doppler techniques in the evaluation of the aortic valve, which of the following is true?

a. The evaluation is limited only to the ME AV SAX view, as the Doppler cursor is perpendicular to blood flow through aortic valve.

b. The evaluation is limited to the ME AV LAX view, as the Doppler cursor is parallel to blood flow through the aortic valve.

c. The evaluation is limited to the TG LAX view, as the Doppler cursor is perpendicular to blood flow through the aortic valve.

d. The evaluation is limited to both the ME AV SAX and ME AV LAX views, as the Doppler cursor is perpendicular to blood flow through the aortic valve.

e. No limitations are encountered in any of the views.

d.

3. The preferred views to measure velocities in the LVOT and through the aortic valve include which of the following?

a. ME AV SAX and deep TG five-chamber

b. ME AV LAX and ME AV SAX

c. TG LAX and ME AV LAX

d. TG LAX and deep TG five-chamber

d.

4. The most common site of obstruction from the LVOT to the ascending aorta is:

a. Subvalvular

b. Valvular

c. Supravalvular

d. Dynamic

b.

5. The most frequent type of aortic stenosis in the United States is:

a. Calcific

b. Bicuspid

c. Rheumatic

d. Congenital

a.

6. In a 40-year-old male who presents with aortic stenosis for an aortic valve replacement, ...

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