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Chapter 59. Airway Management in Austere Environments

Which of the following is not included in WHO guidelines for district hospitals in all countries?

A. pulse oximetry

B. capnography

C. flexible bronchoscope

D. tracheal intubating bougies

E. oxygen analyzers

(C) Flexible bronchoscope is not included in WHO guidelines for all levels of facilities, including the district hospitals (Level 2 facilities) in all countries.

In purchasing airway equipment for poorly resourced countries, which of the following is least relevant at this time?

A. cost of compressed gases

B. ease of maintenance

C. unreliability of electrical power

D. uniformity of international standards

E. cost of equipment

(D) There are no international standards in purchasing airway equipment for poorly resourced countries.

Which of the following is not a disinfection option for airway equipment in developing countries?2

A. autoclaving

B. ethylene oxide

C. bleach

D. Chlorhexidine/Cetrimide

E. boiling

(B) All of the listed methods are common disinfection options in austere environments except ethylene oxide.

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