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Contributors

Editors

David E. Longnecker, MD, FRCA
Robert D. Dripps Professor Emeritus
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

David L. Brown, MD
Professor and Chair
Anesthesiology Institute
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio

Mark F. Newman, MD
Merel H. Harmel Professor and Chairman
Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Warren M. Zapol, MD
Reginald Jenney Professor of Anesthesia
Department of Anesthesia
Critical Care and Pain Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Director, Anesthesia Center for Critical Care Research
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Contributors

Basem Abdelmalak, MD
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
Director, Anesthesia for Bronchoscopic Surgery
Departments of General Anesthesiology and Outcomes Research
Director, Center for Sedation and Remote Anesthesia Services
Anesthesiology Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

Mark Abel MD
Attending Anesthesiologist
Lawrence Hospital
Bronxville, New York

Hassan H. Ali, MD
Professor Emeritus
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Solomon Aronson, MD, FACC, FACCP, FASE, FAHA
Professor, Duke University Medical Center
Executive Vice Chair, Business Development and Finance
Department of Anesthesiology
Finance Chair, Physicians Diagnostic Clinic
Durham, North Carolina

Edwin G. Avery IV, MD
Chief, Division of Cardiac Anesthesiology
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine
University Hospitals Case Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio

Michael S. Avidan, MBBCh, FCA SA
Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Washington University
St. Louis, Missouri

Rafi Avitsian, MD
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
Section Head, Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Program Director, Neuroanesthesia Fellowship
Anesthesiology and Neurological Institutes
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

Douglas R. Bacon, MD, MA
Professor and Chair
Department of Anesthesiology
Wayne State University
Detroit, Michigan

Jane C. Ballantyne, MD, FRCA
Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Michael C. Banks, MD
Assistant Professor
Anesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine
Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland

Shahar Bar-Yosef, MD
Assistant Consultant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
Duke University Medical Center
Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Salvatore J. Basta, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital
Medical Director, Day Surgery
Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Loren A. Bauman, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Joseph Bayes, MD
Assistant Professor of Anesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Director of Preoperative Evaluation
Massachusetts Eye & Ear Infirmary
Boston, Massachusetts

David S. Beebe, MD
Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
University of Minnesota Medical School
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Kumar G. Belani, MBBS, MS
Professor Department of Anesthesiology
University of Minnesota Medical School
Adjunct Professor, Medicine & Pediatrics & Environmental Health Sciences
University of Minnesota Schools of Medicine & Public Health
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Patrick E. Benedict, MD
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
Director, Preoperative Assessment Clinic
Department of Anesthesiology
University of Michigan Health System
Ann Arbor, Michigan

John R. Benjamin, MD, MS
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
The Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland
Anesthesia Critical Care Fellow
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Management
The Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Claudia Benkwitz, MD, PhD
Instructor, Pediatric Anesthesia
Department of Anesthesia
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California

Christopher M. Bernards, MD
Anesthesiology Faculty, Department of Anesthesiology
Virginia Mason Medical Center
Clinical Professor of Anesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

Sascha Beutler, MD, PhD
Anesthesiologist, Instructor
Harvard Medical School
Department of Anesthesiology
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Luca M. Bigatello, MD
Professor of Anesthesiology, Tufts School of Medicine
Director of Surgical Critical Care
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
St. Elizabeth's Medical Center
Officer for Critical Care Quality, Steward Healthcare Network
Boston, Massachusetts

Edward A. Bittner, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School
Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

George T. Blike, MD
Quality and Patient Safety Officer
Medical Director of the Patient Safety Training Center
Professor of Anesthesiology and Staff Anesthesiologist
Department of Anesthesiology
Dartmouth College of Medicine
Dartmouth Hitchcock

Cecil O. Borel, MD
Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University School of Medicine
Durham, North Carolina

Gary J. Brenner, MD, PhD
Director, MGH Pain Medicine Fellowship
Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Margaret F. Brock, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

David S. Bronheim, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York

David L. Brown, MD
Professor and Chair, Anesthesiology Institute
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio

Allen W. Burton, MD
Professor and Chairman, Department of Pain Medicine
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

John Capacchione, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland

Maurizio Cereda, MD
Assistant Professor, Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Mark A. Chaney, MD
Professor, Director of Cardiac Anesthesia
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

Albert T. Cheung, MD
Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Ellen P. Convery, MD
Critical Care Fellow, Anesthesia Institute
The Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

Jeffrey B. Cooper, PhD
Professor of Anesthesia, Department of Anesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Biomedical Engineer
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Mark Dershwitz, MD, PhD
Professor and Vice Chair of Anesthesiology
Professor of Biochemistry & Molecular Pharmacology
University of Massachusetts
Worcester, Massachusetts

Clifford S. Deutschman, MS, MD, FCCM
Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care and Surgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Teresa E. Dews, MD
Clinical Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
Vice Chair, Department of Pain Management
Anesthesiology Institute Cleveland Clinic
Medical Director, Hillcrest Hospital Pain Management Center
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

Franklin Dexter, MD, PhD
Professor, Division of Management Consulting
Departments of Anesthesia and Health Management & Policy
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa

Joshua R. Dooley, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Adam M. Dryden, MD
Anesthesia Resident
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Roderic G. Eckenhoff, MD
Austin Lamont Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Talmage D. Egan, MD
Professor of Anesthesiology
KC Wong Presidential Chair
University of Utah School of Medicine
Department of Anesthesiology
Salt Lake City, Utah

James B. Eisenkraft, MD
Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York

Richard H. Epstein, MD, CPHIMS
Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Jefferson Medical College
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Holly C.L. Evans, MD, FRCP(C)
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
University of Ottawa
Ottawa, Ontario

Lucinda L. Everett, MD, FAAP
Associate Professor, Anesthesiology
Harvard Medical School
Chief, Pediatric Anesthesia
Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Alex S. Evers, MD
Henry Mallinkrodt Professor and Chairman
Department of Anesthesiology
Professor of Internal Medicine and Molecular Biology and Pharmacology
Washington University School of Medicine
Anesthesiologist-in-Chief, Barnes-Jewish Hospital
St. Louis, Missouri

Ehab Farag, MD, FRCA
Associate Professor, Anesthesiology Institute
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio

Brendan T. Finucane, MBBCh, FRCPC
Professor Emeritus, Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
University of Alberta
Director Anesthesia Services, Cross Cancer Institute
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Michael G. Fitzsimons, MD, FCCP
Assistant Professor, Interim Director Cardiac Anesthesia
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Lee A. Fleisher, MD
Robert Dunning Dripps Professor and Chair
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Stuart A. Forman, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School
Associate Anesthetist, Department of Anesthesia
Critical Care and Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Robert Gaiser, MD, MSEd
Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Obstetrics and Gynecology
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Rodolfo Gebhardt, MD
Director Acute Pain, Department of Pain
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

Edward George, MD, PhD
Instructor, Harvard Medical School
Assistant Anesthetist, Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Vijaya Gottumukkala, MB, BS, MD (Anes), FRCA
Professor, Deputy Chairman & Clinical Director
Director, Cancer Anesthesia Fellowship
Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine
MD Anderson Cancer Center University of Texas
Houston, Texas

Loretta Grecu, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Yale School of Medicine
Attending Physician, Department of Anesthesiology
Yale New Haven Hospital
New Haven, Connecticut

Katherine Grichnik, MD, MS, FASE
Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Hilary P. Grocott, MD, FRCPC
Professor of Anesthesia and Surgery
University of Manitoba
St. Boniface Hospital
Winnipeg, Manitoba

Judith C. Haas, MD, JD
Director, Department of Anesthesiology
Lakewood Hospital, Cleveland Clinic Health System
Lakewood, Ohio

Basem Hamid, MD
Director, Comprehensive Pain Center of Texas
Memorial Hermann Southeast
Houston, Texas

C. William Hanson III, MD
Professor of Anesthesiology & Critical Care, Surgery and Internal Medicine
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

James S. Harrington, MD
Instructor, Department of Anesthesiology
Harvard University
Associate in Anesthesia (Cardiac)
Children's Hospital Boston
Boston, Massachusetts

Jessica A. Hathaway, MD
Cardiothoracic Anesthesia Fellow
Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

James E. Heavner, DVM, PhD
Professor, Anesthesiology and Cell Physiology and Molecular Biophysics
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center
Lubbock, Texas

Judith Hellman, MD
Associate Professor, Anesthesia and Perioperative Care
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

Michael R. Hernandez, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care
University of Chicago Biological Sciences Division
Attending Physician
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care
University of Chicago Hospitals
Chicago, Illinois

Dean R. Hess, PhD, RRT
Associate Professor of Anesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Assistant Director of Respiratory Care
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Paul R. Hickey, MD
Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Harvard Medical School
Anesthesiologist-in-Chief
Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
Children's Hospital Boston
Boston, Massachusetts

Robert S. Holzman, MD, MA (Hon), FAAP
Senior Associate in Perioperative Anesthesia
Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative & Pain Medicine
Children's Hospital Boston
Professor of Anaesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Marc A. Huntoon, MD
Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Rochester, Minnesota

William E. Hurford, MD
Professor and Chair, Department of Anesthesiology
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Cincinnati, Ohio

A. D. John, MD
Assistant Professor, Anesthesia & Critical Care Medicine
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
Baltimore, Maryland

Ken B. Johnson, MD
Professor of Anesthesiology
Carter M. Ballinger MD Presidential Chair in Anesthesiology
Department of Anesthesiology
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah

Robert M. Kacmarek, PhD, RRT
Professor, Department of Anesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Director, Department of Respiratory Care
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

John C. Keifer, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesioloogy
Duke University
Durham, North Carolina

Max B. Kelz, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Sean Kennedy, MD
Associate Professor Emeritus
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Miklos D. Kertai, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
Department of Anesthesiology
Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Sachin Kheterpal, MD, MBA
Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

Stephen M. Klein, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

John C. Klick, MD, FCCP
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
Divisions of Cardiac Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine
Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine
University Hospitals Case Medical Center
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio

P. Allan Klock, Jr, MD
Professor and Vice Chair for Clinical Affairs
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

W. Andrew Kofke, MD, MBA, FCCM
Professor, Director of Neuroanesthesia
Co-Director Neurocritical Care
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Benjamin A. Kohl, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Mojca R. Konia, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor and Program Director
Department of Anesthesiology
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Attending Physician
Department of Anesthesiology
Fairview, University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Jean Kwo, MD
Assistant Professor of Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School
Assistant Anesthetist
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Riad Laham, MD
Cleveland Clinic-Hillcrest Hospital Pain Management Center
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio

Marilyn Green Larach, MD
Senior Research Associate
The North American Malignant Hyperthermia
Registry of MHAUS
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Stephanie L. Lee, MD, PhD, FACE
Associate Professor
Department of Medicine
Boston University School of Medicine
Director, Thyroid Health Center
Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition
Boston Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts

Frederick W. Lombard, MBChB, FANZCA
Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

David E. Longnecker, MD
Robert D. Dripps Professor Emeritus
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

G. Burkhard Mackensen, MD, PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Jonathan B. Mark, MD
Professor and Vice Chair, Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Chief, Anesthesiology Service
Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Gavin Martin, MB, FRCA
Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

J. A. Jeevendra Martyn, MD, FRCA, FCCM
Director of the Clinical and Biochemical Pharmacology Laboratory
Department of Anesthesia
Massachusetts General Hospital
Anesthetist-in-Chief at the Shriners Hospital for Children
Professor of Anesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Joseph P. Mathew, MD, MHSc, FASE
Jerry G. Reves Professor of Anesthesiology
Chief of the Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Judith A. May, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology
Medical College of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Douglas B. Mayers, MD, PhD
Clinical Associate Professor, Anesthesiology Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Lerner College of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio

Steve Melton, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

William T. Merritt, MD, MBA
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Department of Surgery
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Philip J. Mesisca, MBA, CMPE
Chief Operating Officer
Department of Anesthesiology & Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Susan Chapman Moss, MPH
Corporate Director
Business Planning & Market Development
Partners Healthcare
Charlestown, Massachusetts

Sheila Muldoon, MD
Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland

Joseph M. Neal, MD
Anesthesiology Faculty
Department of Anesthesiology
Virginia Mason Medical Center
Clinical Professor of Anesthesiology
Department of Anesthesiology
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

Patrick J. Neligan, MD
Consultant in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine
Galway University College Hospitals
Honorary Senior Lecturer in Anaesthesia
National University of Ireland
Galway, Ireland

Mark F. Newman, MD
Merel H. Harmel Professor and Chairman
Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Alina Nicoara, MD
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
Duke University School of Medicine
Durham, North Carolina

Lokesh B. Ningegowda, MD
Staff Physician, Department of Pain Management
Anesthesiology Institute
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio

E. Andrew Ochroch, MD, MSCE
Associate Professor
Departments of Anesthesiology and Critical Care and Surgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Babatunde O. Ogunnaike, MD
Professor, Vice Chairman and Chief of Anesthesia Services, Parkland Health and Hospital System
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas

Ronald P. Olson, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Co-director, Preoperative Screening Unit
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

James A. Onigkeit, MD
Department of Anesthesiology
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Rochester, Minnesota

Fredrick K. Orkin, MD, MBA, SM
Adjunct Professor of Anesthesiology (proposed)
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

Charles W. Otto, MD, FCCM
Professor of Anesthesiology
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Arizona College of Medicine
Director, Critical Care Medicine
University Medical Center
Tucson, Arizona

Paul S. Pagel, MD, PhD
Staff Anesthesiologist, Anesthesia Service
Clement J. Zablocki Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Professor and Director of Cardiac Anesthesia
Department of Anesthesiology
Medical College of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

C. Lee Parmley, MD, JD
Executive Medical Director, VUMC Critical Care Units
Director and Professor, Critical Care Anesthesiology
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee

Michelle C. Parra, MD
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
Director Acute Pain Management
Dartmouth Medical School
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, New Hampshire

Yash J. Patil, MD, FACS
Assistant Professor, Department of Otolaryngology
Head and Neck Surgery
University of Cincinnati
Cincinnati, Ohio

Robert A. Peterfreund, MD, PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Anesthetist, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Marc T. Petre, MSc, PhD
Executive Director of Clinical Engineering
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio

Phillip C. Phan, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Neurosurgery
Baylor College of Medicine
Director of Pain Management
Interventional Pain Management
Houston Pain Associates
Houston, Texas

James C. Phero, DMD
Professor of Clinical Anesthesia
Clinical Surgery and Clinical Pediatrics Department of Anesthesiology
College of Medicine
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center
Cincinnati, Ohio

Eric T. Pierce, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Michael A. Pilla, MD
Associate Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology
Department of Anesthesiology
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Nashville, Tennessee

Carlos A. Pino, MD
Director, Center for Pain Medicine
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
University of Vermont College of Medicine
Burlington, Vermont

Richard M. Pino, MD, PhD
Associate Anesthetist
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Mihai Podgoreanu, MD, FASE
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
Department of Anesthesiology
Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Bil Ragan, MD
Director Residency Education
Associate Anesthesiologist, Department of Anesthesiology
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary/MGH
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Douglas E. Raines, MD
Associate Anesthetist
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Atif Raja, MD
Fellow, Duke Adult Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology Fellow
Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

James P. Rathmell, MD
Professor of Anaesthesia, Harvard Medical School
Chief, Division of Pain Medicine
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Ron H. Rawlings, MD
Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Hospital
Durham, North Carolina

Ihab A. Riad, MD
Staff Anesthesiologist, Department of Anesthesia
Fairview Hospital
Cleveland, Ohio

Richard W. Rosenquist, MD
Chairman, Pain Management Department
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

Mark I. Rossberg, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
Baltimore, Maryland

Carl E. Rosow, MD, PhD
Professor of Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Management
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Raymond C. Roy, MD, PhD
Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Robert H. Rubin, MD, FACP, FCCP
Gordan and Marjorie Osborne Professor of Health Sciences and Technology
Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Co-director, Division of Infectious Disease
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Nyamkhishig Sambuughin, PhD
Research Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland

Warren S. Sandberg, MD, PhD
Professor and Chair, Department of Anesthesiology
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Nashville, Tennessee

Joseph S. Savino, MD
Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Rebecca A. Schroeder, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Benjamin K. Scott, MD
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

John W. Sear, MA, BSc, MBBS, PhD, FFARCS, FANZCA
Emeritus Professor, Nuffield Department of Anesthetics
University of Oxford
Headington, Oxford, UK

Sally P. Seraphin, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care
University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Attending Physician
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care
University of Chicago Hospitals
Chicago, Illinois

Nirav J. Shah, MD
Assistant Professor, Tufts Medical Center
Department of Anesthesiology
Boston, Massachusetts

Andrew D. Shaw, MBBS, FRCA, FCCM
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Veteran's Affairs Anesthesiology Service
Durham, North Carolina

Stanton K. Shernan, MD, FAHA, FASE
Professor of Anaesthesia, Director of Cardiac Anesthesia
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Avinash C. Shukla, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Associate in Anesthesia (Cardiac)
Children's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Nathaniel Sims, MD
Assistant Professor of Anesthesia
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Kieran A. Slevin, MD
Chief, Interventional Pain and Spine
Virtua Pain and Spine
Virtua Health System
Voorhees, New Jersey

Martin K. Slodzinski, MD, PhD
Clinical Associate, Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland

Brian C. Spence, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
Director, Same Day Surgery
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, New Hampshire

Mark Stafford-Smith, MD, CM, FRCPC
Professor of Anesthesiology
Director of Fellowship Education
Director, Duke Adult Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology Fellowship
Department of Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Madhav Swaminathan, MD, FASE, FAHA
Associate Professor, Anesthesiology
Duke University Health System
Durham, North Carolina

BobbieJean Sweitzer, MD
Professor of Anesthesia and Critical Care
Professor of Medicine
Director of Anesthesia Perioperative Medicine Clinic
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

Richard S. Teplick, MD
Chief of Staff, University of South Alabama Hospitals (retired)
Professor of Medicine, Surgery and Anesthesiology
University of South Alabama College of Medicine (retired)
Mobile, Alabama

Joseph R. Tobin, MD
Professor and Chairman, Department of Anesthesiology
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Slobodan M. Todorovic, MD, PhD
Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Neuroscience
University of Virginia School of Medicine
Charlottesville, Virginia

Tony A. Tran, MD
Anesthesia Resident, Department of Anesthesia
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, Manitoba

Kevin K. Tremper, PhD, MD
Robert B. Sweet Professor and Chairman
Department of Anesthesiology
University of Michigan Health System
Ann Arbor, Michigan

Christopher A. Troianos, MD
Professor and Chair
Department of Anesthesiology
Western Pennsylvania Hospital
West Penn Allegheny Health System
Western Campus of Temple University School of Medicine
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Lawrence C. Tsen, MD
Associate Professor of Anaesthesia, Harvard Medical School
Vice Chair, Faculty Development and Education
Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Ban C.H. Tsui, MSc, MD, FRCPC
Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Director, Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain Service
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Stollery Children's Hospital/University of Alberta Hospital
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Brian S. Uthlaut, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Department of Medicine
University of Virginia Health System
Charlottesville, Virginia

Jean-Louis Vincent, MD, PhD
Professor of Intensive Care Medicine
Head, Department of Intensive Care
Erasme Hospital, Free University of Brussels, Belgium

Maria Voelkel, BA
Contractor, HJF
Comprehensive National Neuroscience Program
Department of Neurology
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Silver Spring, Maryland

Brian J. Wainger, MD, PhD
Instructor, Harvard Medical School
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

David B. Waisel, MD
Associate Professor of Anaesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
Children's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Binbin Wang, MD
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

David O. Warner, MD
Professor of Anesthesiology
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Rochester, Minnesota

Daniel T. Warren, MD
Section Head, Director, Anesthesiology Pain Clinic
Program Director, Pain Medicine Fellowship
Department of Anesthesiology
Virginia Mason Medical Center
Seattle, Washington

Stuart J. Weiss, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Lynda T. Wells, MBBS, FRCA
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics
University of Virginia Health System
Charlottesville, Virginia

Ian J. Welsby, BSc, MBBS, FRCA
Associate Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Randall C. Wetzel, MBBS, MRCP, LRCS, MBA, FAAP, FCCM
Ann O'Melveny Wilson Professor of Critical Care Medicine
Department of Pediatrics Anesthesiology
University of Southern California
Los Angeles, California

Charles W. Whitten, MD
Professor and Chairman
Margaret Milam McDermott Distinguished Chair in Anesthesiology and Pain Management
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas

Richard A. Wiklund, MD
Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Anesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Honorary Anesthetist
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Management
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Jessica L. Willert, MD, MSc
Attending Physician, Active International Cardiovascular Institute
Good Samaritan Hospital
Suffern, New York
Attending Physician, Department of Anesthesiology
St Mary's Hospital
Passaic, New Jersey

Myron Yaster, MD
Richard J Traystman Professor
Departments of Anesthesiology, Critical Care Medicine, and Pediatrics
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland

Warren M. Zapol, MD
Reginald Jenney Professor of Anesthesia,
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Director, Anesthesia Center for Critical Care Research
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

David A. Zvara, MD
Professor and Chair, Department of Anesthesiology
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

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