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Chapter 59. Airway Management in Austere Environments

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Which of the following is not included in WHO guidelines for district hospitals in all countries?

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A. pulse oximetry

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B. capnography

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C. flexible bronchoscope

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D. tracheal intubating bougies

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E. oxygen analyzers

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(C) Flexible bronchoscope is not included in WHO guidelines for all levels of facilities, including the district hospitals (Level 2 facilities) in all countries.

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In purchasing airway equipment for poorly resourced countries, which of the following is least relevant at this time?

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A. cost of compressed gases

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B. ease of maintenance

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C. unreliability of electrical power

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D. uniformity of international standards

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E. cost of equipment

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(D) There are no international standards in purchasing airway equipment for poorly resourced countries.

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Which of the following is not a disinfection option for airway equipment in developing countries?2

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A. autoclaving

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B. ethylene oxide

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C. bleach

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D. Chlorhexidine/Cetrimide

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E. boiling

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(B) All of the listed methods are common disinfection options in austere environments except ethylene oxide.

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