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Chapter 41. Airway Management in a Patient with Aspiration of Gastric Contents Following Induction of Anesthesia

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Which of the following complications is NOT associated with an aspiration event?

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A. Laryngospasm

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B. Cardiac arrest

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C. Anoxic brain injury

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D. Hypertension

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E. Bronchospasm

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(D) All the listed complications can be associated with an aspiration event except hypertension.

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Which of the following is NOT a late complication of aspiration?

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A. Tracheal stenosis

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B. Tracheoesophageal fistula

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C. Increased lower-esophageal sphincter tone

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D. Tracheoinominate-artery fistula

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E. Tracheomalacia

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(C) An increase in lower-esophageal sphincter tone is not a late complication of aspiration.

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All of the following are considered to be acceptable therapy for aspiration events associated with respiratory failure EXCEPT

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A. Steroids

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B. Bronchoscopy and suctioning

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C. Bronchodilator Therapy

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D. Mechanical ventilation with FiO2 1.0

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E. Admission to a high-dependency unit

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(A) With the exception of steroids, all of the listed therapies are considered to be acceptable for patients with respiratory failure following gastric aspiration.

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